From the sentence that the Oud wood (or Agarwood) is scent of heaven (عطر العود من السماء) would not be wrong due to Oud wood, It is considered to be a fragrant wood and also is popular among high-class, luxurious, and wealthy people because of the most expensive wood.
Oud wood story
It has many trade names, including agarwood (Europe), aloeswood (Singapore), eaglewood (United States), bahadur (India), gaharu (Indonesian), krisna (Thailand), oudh or Oud (Arabic), tram (Vietnam), jinko (Japanese), chen xiang (Chinese), etc.
The genus Aquilaria is a genus of the plant family of Oud wood (Thymelaeaceae) that originated in Southeast Asia and South Asia. Found primarily in the rainforests of Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Northern India, Philippines, and New Guinea. Plants in this genus usually have white wood. When the wound occurs, the tree will release chemicals to heal the wound. But the substances will expand further produces a fragrant black or dark brown color called “Myrrh.”
Oad wood is said to be from the time of Buddha as Valuables As expensive as gold Indian Oud wood is one of the four natural fragrances known as Chaturachat Sukhon (Oad wood, Euphorbia antiquorum, Mansonia gagei, and flowers).
In Thailand, Oud wood is a forbidden product for the general public because it has been a law that traded by kings only since ancient times. Ayutthaya During the reign of King Narai the high Oad wood is using as a tribute and a product to China.
The properties of Bahadur spread to the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East, the Greek, Roman, and Ancient Egypt. Eaglewood products are available only in certain parts of Asia, such as India, China, and Southeast Asia such as Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam only.
The properties of Bahadur spread to the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East, the Greek, Roman, and Ancient Egypt. Eaglewood products are available only in certain parts of Asia such as India, China and Southeast Asia such as Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam only.
Species diversity of the family genus
Wood in the genus Oud wood has medium-sized stems. But if older, there will be large stems, rather softwood, but when already old, it will look quite a hard yellow with beautiful patterns. The bark is peeling; the trunk is straight, the color is red. The skin is a small blister. Its color is red-black, gray, light green.
Present, there are 16 species of plants in the family according to the requirements of the 1st World Oud wood Conference in Vietnam in the following details.
- Aquilaria apiculata Merr., 1922 The source is the Philippines.
- Aquilaria baillonil found places are Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.
- Aquilaria banneonsis is found in Vietnam.
- Aquilaria beccarian Tiegh.1893 found source is Indonesia.
- Aquilaria brachyantha (Merr.) Hallier f. The source is Malaysia.
- Aquilaria crassna Pierre ex Lecomte, 1915 found in Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.
- Aquilaria cumingiana (Decne.) Ridl., Det. Ding Hou,1959 found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines.
- Aquilaria filaria (Oken) Merr., 1950. The source is New Guinea, China.
- Aquilaria grandiflora Benth., 1861. The source is China.
- Aquilaria hilata is found in Indonesia, Malaysia.
- Aquilaria khasiana is found in India.
- Aquilaria malaccensis Lam.,1783, synonyms A. agallocha and A. secundaria. Found in Thailand, India and Indonesia.
- Aquilaria microcarpa Baill. The source is Indonesia, Malaysia.
- Aquilaria rostrata. The source is Malaysia.
- Aquilaria sinensis Gilg, 1894. The source is China.
- Aquilaria subintegra Ding Hou. The source is Thailand.
There are 5 species of plants in the family genus Oud wood.
is a wood species that provides high oil quality. Found in the Eastern region (Rayong, Chanthaburi, Trad, especially in Khao Soi Dao) and Pattani Province
is a type of wood that gives high oil quality and quite high oil content. Found both in the Central region (Kamphaeng Phet, Phetchabun, Nakhon Nayok, especially at Khao Yai National Park) Northeast (Nakhon Ratchasima, Buriram and Sisaket) and the northern region (Chiang Rai, Phrae and Nan provinces)
is a species of wood that provides moderate perfume quality and quantity of perfume. Found in southern Thailand such as Phetchaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Krabi, Trang, Phatthalung, Pattani as well as along the boundary of the Thai-Burma border to Assam and Bhutan.
is a shrub that does not give oil. No use of this kind of fragrant wood has been found in Thailand, found in the lower Southern provinces and Malaya.
a medium sized tree found in Thailand and [Vietnam]. There are reports of fragrant wood found in this kind of wood as well. But is a rare tree, causing not to be found in Thailand, it is found scattered throughout the high mountains in Chiang Mai, Mae Hong Son, Lampang, Uttaradit, so it is called “Krisna Doi”.
uses of oudwood
Currently, aside from the Oud wood chips and Oud wood oil which are the main products in the market, the products from this wood have been developed to be more diverse. To be able to meet the needs of more customers which products from Oud wood which are products on the market Most of them are markets in Asia such as Thailand, Japan, Singapore. According to the Phillips survey (2003) can be classified as follows
- Oud wood /Agarwood branch or trunk section is a large Oud wood branch, which is a branch or trunk that has a large accumulation of myrrh. The wood is dark brown to black in color. Which is called grade 1 wood or super grade, the price per kilogram is very high from many tens of thousands to many hundreds of thousands of baht per kilogram, depending on the quality of the timber. Nowadays it is very rare. Because it is only Oud wood that is obtained from trees that are born in nature and comes from an old tree which has accumulated myrrh for many years. Most of this style of Oud wood may be seen in the temple or the rich manor’s house to show the riches and wealth of their owners.
- Oud wood / Agarwood pieces are small, so they are cheaper than large pieces of wood. It is used for the burning of fragrant incense. It is commonly used to welcome Arab guests and some believe that the smelling of the burned pieces of wood can cure certain diseases.
- Oud wood / Agarwood essential oil is oil extracted from grade 3 or grade 4 of this wood due to the accumulation of lesser myrrh. Cannot be sold as a piece of wood. The unit used to call the oil as Tora, (1 Tora has a volume of about 12 grams).
Good Grade Quality Oud wood/ Agarwood
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